The Society of Folk Dance Historians

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a country


Location: Balkan Peninsula, southeast Europe

Regions and cultures: Shopluka, Sofia, the North, Dobrudzha, Strandzha, Thrace, Rhodope, Pirin

Languages: Bulgarian, Turkish, Romany (Gypsy), Arumanian, Sephardic

Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox Christian, Islam, Judaism

Dances and songs:

Arap, a family of dances from Pirin, Macedonia

Ay da idem, Yano, ay da idem, song

Baba Nedelya, song

Baldûzka, dance

Bre Petrunko, song

Buchimish, dance

Kukuvichka, dance

Novo Zagorsko Horo, dance

Paydushko, dance family

Pravo, dance family

Yavore, Yavorcho, a hayduk song

Bavno Oro: Bavno Makedonsko Oro. Boris Karlov arranged this medley. Occasionally found in 8/8 (3+2+3) instead of 7/8. Snošti sakav da ti dojdam, or, Snošti rekoh da mi dojdam".

Četvorno Šopsko Horo - "Learned in the village of Bistrica, in the Sofia District, by Yves Moreau in the summer of 1966." On Yves' 2nd video. Folk Dancer MH 45x3058A (produced by Ron Wixman and Steve Glaser) has "Hodih Gore, Hodih Dolu" (in MITFDC Songbook).

Delcevsko Horo - Yves Moreau, 2nd video, Pirin.

Idam, Ne, Idam - Macedonian-Bulgarian. Stockton 1997 notes from Yves: This dance was created by Yves Moreau based on traditional Lesnoto (Pravoto) and Sirto steps of Pirin-Macedonia. The song is a popular one throughout Macedonia, known as "Oj ela mi, Felidze" or "Idam, ne Idam."

Karamfil - Bulgarian composed song with dance made up by Jaap Leegwater to fit the particular recording.

Kasapsko - Yugoslav Macedonia.

Kopačka - Maleševo (Former Yugoslav Macedonia), from the book Vie Se Oro Makedonsko. Gjorgji Dimčevski. "Diggers dance". From the "Delchevo-Berovo region of Eastern Macedonia". Choreography by Tanec ensemble; taught by Elsie Dunin, John Filcich, Dick Crum, and Pece Atanasovski.

Nestinarsko: "Firewalker's dance". Versions taught by Marty Koenig and Yves Moreau. "Nestinari" belong to a wide region, but the common version comes from Strandža.

Petrunino Horo: This is from the Shope region of Bulgaria. It's a generic dance form, so there are many Petruninos out there. (Boston did at least three when I was there, Dick Crum's multifigure, "Eagle's" (Dave Vinsky's) Petrunino, and a one-figure version also taught by Dick.) Dennis Boxell taught a two-step version early on.

Popovičanka - Popovica village, near Negotin, East Serbia, by Bora Gajicki.

Dobrudjanska Reka: by Camille Brochu, from "Ansambl Sradec".

Singing Pravo (Hodila Mi e Bojana)

Sadi Moma: Well, it seems to be done both in Pirin-Macedonian (villages of Bucino and Krumov, north of Blagoevgrad) and in the Shope region (south of Kyustendil and Stanke Dimitrov).

Sedi Donka: From Thrace, in areas around Pazardzhik and Plovdiv. by Dick Crum at Kolo Festival, 1967-8.

Šopska Kopanitsa: Yves and Jaap have dances by this name.

Tragnala Rumjana - Thracian. A lesnoto variation.

Trite Puti: Dances by this name exist in both Shope and Thrace, and into Greece. Depends on your tune.

Vlaško: (Vlach, North Bulgaria). Yves taught the most popular dance by this name, and then added a couple more figures to it later. But there are plenty of dances that go by this name. Anybody remember the old "Oro Vlashko" from East Serbia that came through Aman, presented by Mario Casillas, and taught by Dick Oakes?

Zborenka: Dobrudja. Yves introduced one to North American folkdancers.


Cristowe, Stoyan. Author of articles about Bulgaria.
Some dance content.

Fox, Frank. Bulgaria. London: Black, 1915.

King Boris of Bulgaria. In Contemporary Review, vol.132 (November 1927).

Mincoff, Elizabeth. Bulgarian Folk Songs. In Cornhill Magazine, 63: 70-80 (July 1927).

Monro, Dorothy. Rural Highways to the Black Sea. In Travel Magazine, 53 (October 1929).
Illustration of Horo on p.26.

Monroe, Will S.. Bulgaria and Her People. Boston: Page, 1914.
Contains some dance background.

National Geographic Magazine:

Our Little Bulgarian Cousin. Boston: Page, 1913.
Not much on dance. Illustrated.

Petroff, Louis. Some Primary Group Norms of the Bulgarian Peasants as Reflected in Their Folkways and Folklore. Master's thesis, University of Southern California, 1929. Chapter 5, Play and Sociability, republished as Characteristic Peasant Sociability and Play Groups in Bulgaria. In Playground Magazine, June 1929.

Samuelson, James. Bulgaria, Past and Present. London: James, Trubner, 1888.

Bulgarian sound recordings, a list

Dimitrov, Iliya Zahariev, gayda (bagpipe) player

Women instrumentalists, article

Vassilev, Ognyan, tûpan (bass drum) player